*lightbulb_outline *This question type can be used in a digital test only.

An open question is one of the most used question types within Ans. For an open question, there is an option to limit the number of words a student can use in their answer. There is also an option to work with predefined answers. A predefined answer is shown to all students when they begin with the question. Both students and teachers can make use of the rich content editor. Students have access to one additional functionality, which is the webcam photo. This allows students to take a photo using their webcam which can be embedded in their answers. This can be used for question types where a handwritten answer is preferred. The number of words and characters that the student has submitted will also be shown.

Open questions will need to be graded manually. To support you in doing this, you can make use of criteria, rubrics or sliders.

To create an open question in a digital test, follow the steps below.

- Click the
*domain***School name**in the menu on the left. - Click
*label_important***Courses**in the menu at the top. - Select your course or use the search bar.
- Select your assignment or create a new assignment.
- Click
**New exercise**, fill in a name and click**Save**. - Click
**New question**and select**Open**. - Formulate the question in the question content field.
- Fill in the number of points the question is worth.
- Fill in the word limit.
- Click the
*more_vert***-icon**for more options. - Click
**Save.**

**Bonus**This marks the question as a bonus question, which means the number of points awarded with this question will be counted until the maximum amount of points achievable for this assignment is reached. The points of the bonus question aren’t included in the maximum amount of points that can be achieved for the assignment If the student answers the question incorrectly, this won’t be detracted from the number of points and the mark.**Skippable**You will first need to assign which students are exempted from answering this question within the settings of your course. You can then enable which questions can be skipped by these students. In a digital test, the student will be informed they can skip the question. For written assignments they will see a scissor icon next to the question, so students will need to be informed they can skip these questions. The number of points for this question will not be counted in their result. It is not possible to change this setting after the test has been taken.**Predefined answer**Set a predefined answer which students can keep, edit or delete. This will show up in the answer field. Please keep in mind, that if you convert a digital test to a written assignment, the predefined answer will not copy over to your written assignment. This is also the case when you add an open question with a predefined answer from a question bank to your written assignment.**Partial Scoring**Students will receive points when their answer is partly correct. For example, if the total number of points they can receive for a question is 2 and their answer is 50% correct, they will still receive 1 point. Without this option, they can only receive 0 or the maximum number of points.**Word limit**Limits the maximum amount of words that can be submitted in the student's answer. Once a student reaches this limit, the answer field will automatically close and no new characters can be added. We advise mentioning the word limit in the question, so students can factor this in while typing their answer. If you don’t want to use the word limit, you can also disable it. Keep in mind, that the word counter in Ans is an estimation, the words are counted by splitting the text by whitespaces.

To add a grading scheme to an open question in a digital test, follow the steps below.

- Click the
*domain***School name**in the menu on the left. - Click
*label_important***Courses**in the menu at the top. - Select your course or use the search bar.
- Select your assignment or create a new assignment.
- Click
**Grading scheme**in the menu at the top. - Go to the question for which you want to set the grading scheme.
- Click the
*more_horiz***-icon**and click**Edit**. - Click the dropdown menu
**Grading type***and choose your method. - Click the
*more_vert***-icon**for more grading options. - Click
**Save**.

Read more about Grading methods here.

**Model answer**A solution for the reviewers (and for participants when published). The model answer can be an extensive elaboration, an image, or a file.**Start with zero points**(For the points-per-criteria and rubrics grading method only)

If this option is enabled the marking of this question will always start at zero points and the points will be added up when selecting the criteria. When this option is disabled, the marking will start with the maximum amount of points that can be awarded for this question and selecting the criteria will be subtracted from this maximum. This means that the criteria should be added as minus points of the total amount. The reviewer can then select the criteria if the student didn’t meet this with their answer, so it can be detracted from the total amount of points.**Limit minimum to zero points**(For the points-per-criteria grading method only)

With this option enabled, it’s not possible to go below zero points when selecting the different criteria. It is still possible to manually adjust the number of points to go below zero with the adjustment option during the reviewing.**Limit maximum to total points**(For the points-per-criteria grading method only)

In the grading settings it’s possible to set the maximum amount of points achievable with the question, separate from the points per criteria When this number deviates from the maximum amount achievable by adding up the criteria points, this option will cap the maximum amount of points to this manually set number.

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