The grading options that are available are dependent on the type of assignment. This article will explain all options for grading. Also how to change the grading method is explained in this article.

**Types of criteria**

When grading work online, multiple options are available for scoring questions. These grading methods (or types of criteria) can be found in the tab 'Criteria', in the questions bar when 'edit' is clicked. Multiple choice and numeric answers are set when a question is created in the 'Exercises' menu. The other methods are to be chosen in the 'Criteria' menu.

In the options of a multiple choice question, a few options are available:

**Grading multiple choice**

When grading with multiple choice as question type, the multiple choice will be displayed in the menu 'criteria' including the options the student can pick. Also, two boxes are shown in which a comment can be written if the students answer the answer correct or incorrect. Multiple choice questions will be reviewed automatically. To work with this grading method, set the total amount of points for this question, set the right answer of the multiple choice answers and then type the comments for the student.*Grading multiple choice is applicable for online tests and handwritten assignments*In the options of a multiple choice question, a few options are available:

**Bonus**: This marks the question as a bonus question**Skippable**for special students: This question will not be taken into account for the grades of special students. More about special students here.- Include
**grading description**: Include a grading description for the reviewers. - Include
**image of solution**: Include an image of the solution for the reviewers.

**Grade with a numeric answer**

When grading with a numeric answer is chosen, the numeric answer should be chosen in the bar of the question in the 'Criteria' menu. A value can be filled into the bar to set the right answer. Also, when a code editor is used, the variable chosen for this question can be set as the answer to this question, this is also done in the image below. Also, comments can be added in the same way as with a multiple choice question. Numeric questions are reviewed automatically.

*Grading with numeric answers is applicable for online tests only*

The same options as a multiple choice question are available.

After selecting

**Grade using the equation solver**

When a question is of the type 'equation', the question can be graded manually and using the equation solver.After selecting

**use equation solver**from the drop-down menu, two more options are available. The first option lets you give an equation to do the operations with.*Grading with numeric answers is applicable for online tests only*

The second option lets you choose an equation operation. This type of question can be of 4 types of operations:

**Solve**- Solve the given equation for a specific variable. This variable should be given as well.**Simplify**- Simplify the given equation to the smallest shape.**Expand**- Expand the given equation. This is done for equations that contain brackets. The result will be an equation without brackets.**Factor**- This operation is the opposite of expanding. The given equation will be written as an equation with brackets.

The answer to the operation does not have to be given, while it is calculated automatically with the operation chosen. The student will have an infinite amount of attempts for this type of question.

**Grade open questions**

Open questions can be graded in three ways, grading with:

- Points
- Rubrics
- Slider

All are elaborated below.

**Grade with points**

When grading with points, each criterion is worth a set amount of points. The total points that can be earned from the question is the sum of the points of all criteria. To work with this grading method, first set the total amount of points for this question, select 'Points' as grading method in the drop-down menu, and then click 'add points' to add criteria to the question.

*Grading with points is applicable for online tests, handwritten and hand-in assignments only*

*The same options as the multiple choice question apply for a question graded with points. There are a few extra options available for this grading method.*

**Start**with**zero**points: Select this to let every student start with zero points before grading.- Limit
**minimum**to**zero**points: Select this to let every student get no negative points for this question. - Limit
**maximum**to**total**points: Select this to let every student get a maximum amount of points of the total amount of points for this question.

**Grade with a slider**

When grading with the slider, the maximum amount of points that can be earned for a question is specified. When reviewing the question, the slider can be moved between zero and the specified maximum amount of points. With this method, no criteria have to be entered. To work with this grading method, first set the total amount of points for this question, select 'Slider' as grading method in the drop-down menu, and then click 'add points' to add criteria to the question.

*Grading with the slider is applicable for online tests, handwritten and hand-in assignments only*

**Grade with rubrics**

When grading with rubrics, a qualitative review is given. When we want to use rubrics in assessment, a question is often a ject on which you want to grade. This can be on the content, writing style etc. In each of these jects, multiple questions can be added, these actually are jects within a ject; so in the case of the image below, 'Global structure' is a ject of the ject 'Structure'. First a weight for the ject has to be given. The points for each of the rubrics are multiplied with this weight to get to the total points for this ject. The maximum amount of points that can be given for the ject 'Global structure' is 10 points with a weight of 1.0 as seen in the image. In each of the questions multiple rubrics can be added by clicking 'add rubrics'. Rubrics are a way to score the criteria. A rubric can be for example 10 points and called 'Expert', 7.5 points and called 'Intermediate' and so on. To every rubric a description can be added, so the reviewer will know when to give a report a certain amount of points on each ject.

*Grading with rubrics is applicable for online tests, handwritten and hand-in assignments*

**Change the grading method**

To change the grading method, a couple of steps have to be taken.

- Remove the criteria if points or weights are used.
- Select another grading method by the drop-down menu.
- Add criteria if points or weights are used.

**Export the criteria**

It may be useful for reviewing or other purposes to have the criteria printed out. This can be done using the export possibility of the criteria.

When in the tab *Criteria*, the button **EXPORT** can be found in the top right corner, as can be seen in the image below.

After clicking this button, a new browser tab will be opened containing the criteria only. By printing this page (Ctrl+P or cmd+p), the criteria can be printed on paper as well as printed to a PDF.

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